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  1. Terrarium Plants

Suggested Terrarium Plants


African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha)

African Violet (Saintpaulia Ionantha)

The African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha) is one of the most satisfactory flowering houseplants. It is a low, compact plant with attractive dark green, thick, hairy leaves. The violet-like flowers are borne in small panicles just above the foliage. Besides various shades of blue-violet, there are also pink, fuschia, and white cultivars (varieties). Newer violets include not only cultivars with single flowers, but also those with semi-double or double rows of petals. Bi-colored flowers and those with a contrasting border are popular. Trailing cultivars and miniatures are also available. Plants kept in good condition flower almost continuously.



Aglaonemas belong to the aroids family, together with spathifyllum, dieffenbachia and philodentron. As its "relatives", it has shiny oval-shaped leaves, with jigged edges, fleshy to the touch and with impressive alternations of various tones of green. Its flowers look like small white callas and they produce a few yellow or red fruits. However, the basic reason for cultivating aglaonemas is their wonderful foliage and not its colors. Depending on the variety, its height can easily reach one meter or over.

Care: Aglaonema is one of the most ideal indoor plants. It is very resistant to disease and can be grown in conditions that might "kill" many other indoor plants. It can be easily adapted to different conditions and this trait makes it really easy to care for and as a result makes it very popular.

Aglaonemas can be grown to any degree of lighting, from full-light rooms (filtered - never direct sunlight) to the darkest room of hour home. Of course, the more the light it gets the most impressive the colors on its leaves will be. If your problem is low light, aglaonemas are an ideal choice. Moreover, they can be easily grown together with other plants in the same pot.

Aluminum Plant, Watermelon pilea (Pilea Cadierei )

Aluminum Plant (pilea Cadierei)

Glossy green leaves are oval with pointed leaf tips and have striking patches of silver on the upper raised leaf surface.

FOLIAGE COLORS: Green and Silver

CONTAINER: Small container, small planter (dish garden with plants that need alot of moisture).

LIGHT: Medium. East or west window, about one thousand foot candles.

WATER: Frequent. Water thoroughly, keep soil evenly moist to touch (not saturated). Don't let sit in water.

TEMPERATURE: Medium. 61 - 70 (degrees F) days, 56 - 65 nights.


FERTILIZER: Every 2 - 3 months.

SOIL MIX: 3 parts leafmold , 3 parts peat moss, 2 parts coarse sand

PROPOGATION: Tip cuttings

SELECTION GUIDE: Select sturdy, shapely, healthy plant free from insect and disease damage. New leaf growth is desirable. Avoid plants with yellow or brown leaf margins, wilted or water soaked leaves.

CARE: Easy. Tolerates wide range of conditions. Good for beginners.

OTHER CULTIVARS: `Minima' - dwarf form

PROBLEMS: Root rot: Provide adequate drainage. Do not let plant sit in water.

COMMENTS: Can be used in dish gardens with other plants that require alot of moisture. Also good in terrariums. Easily propagated from cuttings.

Ardisia, Coral Berry

Ardisia, Coral Berry

Keep plant humid - Flowers in summer, berries in autumn and winter.

Description: Coral ardisia is a small upright shrub, from 2-6' high. It is evergreen unless killed back by very hard freezes. The dark green, serrated leaves are glossy and attractive. The flowers are white or pinkish and rather inconspicuous. The berries, which hang down in clusters, are quite showy when they have turned coral red. The berries are long lasting and usually persist throughout the winter. Cedar waxwings and other birds feed on them. Usually ardisias are seen in fairly large colonies, since the plants re-seed freely.

Location: Ardiasia's native range stretches from Japan to northern India. It has escaped cultivation and become established in much of northern and central Florida. In some areas it has become a serious pest, displacing native species.

Culture: Coral ardisia likes deep soil rich with lots of organic matter. Mulch around plants or allow leaves and needles from overhead trees to fall down naturally around them. Ardisia may be topped off to maintain height.

Light: Coral ardisia tolerates some direct sun but not much without showing signs of distress. It grows best under a canopy of trees in fairly deep shade.

Moisture: Moist to average.

Hardiness: USDA Zones 8-10 (freezes at 28°F).

Propagation: Propagate from seeds. It is easy to harvest loads of volunteer seedlings wherever ardisia is found growing.

Usage: For winter color in a forest grove, plant coral ardisia under trees and allow to colonize freely, thinning as necessary. A more formal use can be made of these lovely plants in shade gardens. For best effect, plant a group of at least three. In frost-free areas, ardisia can become quite large and a single specimen might occupy the same space allowed for two or three elsewhere. Where freezes are severe, ardisia should be placed in a protected area or covered. A hard freeze will kill the plant to the ground. Ardisia is easily transformed into a houseplant and is attractive for the shiny foliage even if berries do not form.

Features: Red berries, glossy foliage and low maintenance distinguish this beautiful little shrub.

Arrowhead Plant (Syngonium podophyllum)

Arrowhead Plant (Syngonium Podophyllum)

Easy to grow and slow growing. Grow as hanging, climber or upright with support. Grow in standard potting mix with lots of water, full sun or filtered light and lots of humidity.

Full sun: Leaves will be big and green.

Filtered light: Leaves will be small and pale in color.

Propagation: Stem cuttings or plant division.

Plumosa, Asparagus fern (Asparagus setaceus)

Plumosa, Asparagus Fern

DESCRIPTION: The fine, lacy, flat green foliage has needles 1/3" long. The stem is wiry and tough.

COLORS: Dark Green




SELECTION GUIDE: Look for good green color with no drying or yellowing,and also for strong stems.


HOME CULTURE NOTES: Small plants are used in home dish gardens, however they drop their needles easily.


CARE: Before arranging, recut stems, remove foliage that will be under water & put in mix of warm water & floral preservative for a few hours or overnight. Place arrangement away from direct sunlight, heat vents, air conditioners and drafts. Water and remove dying blooms and foliage daily. To prolong vase life, every 4 - 5 days, recut stems & clean container thoroughly. Rearrange remaining flowers, adding mixture of warm water & floral preservative to your "new" arrangement. Floral preservative is recommended and is available commercially.

Baby's-tears, Irish moss (Soleirolia Soleirolii)

Baby's-tears, Irish Moss (Soleirolia Soleirolii)

DESCRIPTION: Creeping herb with mass of tiny circular leaves (1/4" across) on a thin trailing stem giving a matted, finely textured look.


CONTAINER: Small planter (terrarium, hanging basket), large planter (ground cover).

LIGHT: Medium. East or west window, about one thousand foot candles.

WATER: Frequent. Water thoroughly, keep soil evenly moist to touch (not saturated). Don't let sit in water.

TEMPERATURE: Medium. 61 - 70 (degrees F) days, 56 - 65 nights.


FERTILIZER: Every 2 weeks; don't over fertilize. Leach pot with water 3 times between fertilizer applications.

SOIL MIX: 1 part sterilized garden loam, 1 part clean coarse sand or Perlite, and 1/2 to 1 part sphagnum peat moss.


SELECTION GUIDE: Select sturdy, shapely, healthy plant free from insect and disease damage. New leaf growth is desirable. Avoid those with yellow or brown leaf margins, wilted or water soaked leaves.

CARE: Challenging. Difficult to grow under average home conditions. Hobby plant requiring knowledge and experience.

PROBLEMS: Root rot: Provide adequate drainage. Do not let plant sit in water.

COMMENTS: Very popular ground cover in conservatories. Used as ground cover in terrariums

Hardy begonia: Begonia grandis

Hardy Begonia (Begonia Grandis)


Season: summer to fall

Height: 24 inches

Hardiness: USDA Hardiness Zone 6-9

Flower Color: pink

Soil: rich, moist soils

Exposure: partial shade

Propagation: bulbils formed in leaf axils

Comments: Hardy begonia is a southern heirloom plant which is passed from garden to garden, and is useful in the shady border.

North Carolina Regions

Piedmont, Coastal Plain

Origin: China, Japan

Bloodleaf: Iresine herbstii Hook

Bloodleaf (Iresine herbstii hook)

Family: Amaranthaceae Bloodleaf (Iresine herbstii)

Recommended Temperature Zone: sunset: 22-24

USDA: 10b-12

Frost Tolerance: Keep above 36°F (2°C)

Sun Exposure: Full sun

Growth Habits: Evergreen shrub, up to 3 feet tall

Watering Needs: Abundant water when actively growing, moderate the rest of the time

Propagation: Cuttings in the fall

Cast Iron Plant: Aspidistra

Cast Iron Plant (Aspidistra)

The Aspidistra Elatior is native to the Eastern Himalayas, Taiwan, China, and Japan commonly known as the "cast-iron plant". It is an old-fashioned, tough-leathery foliage plant. In fact Aspidistra was a favorite indoor plant during the Victorian era when houses were anything but bright and airy. Today, in the Southern United States you will find Aspidistra usually growing completely carefree as a ground cover in dense, dark shade. Patience is the prime requirement needed by owners of small plants; it takes considerable time to grow an Aspidistra to specimen size. Ironically, like many "folk" plants, it is not always available in nurseries. This is partly because of its slow growth and not properly appreciated. As a bushy potted plant, 12 to 24 inches tall and wide, the Aspidistra simply has no equal and is a perfect plant for indoors.

ASPIDISTA: Tolerate dust as well as heat, cold, wet soil, drought, neglect and dimly lighted places. Tolerate temperatures as low as 28 degrees without injury to the foliage. Tolerate light levels as low as 10 foot candles Make a great addition to cut flower arrangements; the foliage often lasts for weeks.

Aspidistra elatior has cornlike, shiny, dark green leaves that grow to 24 inches long; it occasionally produces purple-brown small flowers near the base of the plant. It also has a variegated form. The white markings help to light up a dark corner rather like sun filtering through a shade tree. A dwarf form called A. minor or Aspidistra "Milky Way has white spotted black-green leaves. Try to acquire all 3, then display them in attractive pottery containers or try them in that cooler area of your house to bring the tropics indoors.

Aspidistra is such a slow grower and is expensive to produce and purchase. But with all of its positive attributes it is well be worth the price, offering long term enjoyment and beauty.

Chinese Evergreen

Chinese Evergreen

This tropical foliage plant is one of the most durable houseplants. It tolerates poor light, dry air, air-conditioning and drought.

HEIGHT/SPREAD: Plants grow from 1 to 3 feet tall and from 1 to 3 feet wide.

ORNAMENTAL FEATURES: Chinese evergreen is grown for its highly ornamental foliage, which may be green to dark green, variegated silver or gray depending on species and cultivar.

GROWING CONDITIONS: Chinese evergreens are remarkably tolerant plants. The solid green cultivars will grow in low light. Variegated types will need low to moderate light. They do not like direct sun on their foliage. Although they prefer warm temperatures in the 68 to 77 ° F range, they can handle temperatures as low as 55 ° F. Most kinds will grow well in the low to moderate humidity of an average house.

Chinese evergreen should be grown in a standard soil mix with extra humus. Keep soil constantly moist.

Propagation: is by division, stem cuttings, tip cuttings, air layers or seed. If the bottom leaves are shed and the lower stem becomes bare, you can cut off the top and root it.

PROBLEMS: In the home, plant diseases are very rarely a problem. Too much or too little water plus insects and mites are the main problems. Root rot usually results from a soil mix that does not drain quickly or overly frequent watering. Spider mites, scales, mealybugs and aphids can all infest Chinese evergreen as they do many indoor foliage plants.

Excessive fertilizer can cause leaf edge burn. Chinese evergreen is sensitive to chilling temperatures below 50° F.

Club Moss - Vegetable Sulphur - Wolf's Claw: Lycopodium clavatum

Club Moss

Club Moss is usually ground-creeping, and often inhabits moist places, especially in tropical & subtropical forests. Although it resembles the mosses, it is considered to be evolutionarily more advanced because it is vascular, that is, it has specialized fluid-conducting tissues. Club Moss reproduces by means of spores.

Club Moss is found all over the world. The part of this small vascular plant used medicinally are the minute spores which, as a yellow powder, are shaken out of the kidney-shaped capsules or sporangia growing on the inner side of the bracts covering the fruit spikes. The spores are collected chiefly in Great Britain, Russia, Germany and Switzerland, the tops of the plants being cut as the spikes approach maturity. The spores of Club Moss are gathered and sold as "lycopodium powder", or "vegetable sulfur", a highly inflammable yellow powder sometimes used for pharmaceutical purposes (e.g., as an absorptive powder) and in fireworks.

Creeping Fig

Creeping Fig

Ficus pumila is native to China, Vietnam, and Japan. It is a root-clinging, evergreen perennial. It clings by aerial roots along the stem and has leaves that are small, bright green and heart-shaped. Creeping Fig will grow in moderate shade or sun. This variety has solid green leaves, this is a great plant if you have a wall that is bare. The Creeping Fig will cling to surfaces allowing one to hide an unsightly wall or to just soften the architecture. This plant also works well as an indoor potted plant, as long as it has a sunny spot to sit in.

Hardiness: Zones 8-11

Plant Use: Vine

Exposure: Sun to Part Sun

Water Requirements: Medium to Low

Croton - Gloxinia - Gloxinia Sp - Known as Joseph's coat

Croton (Known as Joseph's Coat)

Impressively colorful! This plant came from the exotic islands of the pacific and Malaysia. It is a shrub with fleshy leather-like leaves. The leaves start out green but change colors as they mature. The tones of the leaves are numerous and depending on the variety they can be yellow to orange or red. Many different colors exist on the same plant, a characteristic that makes crotons unique plants.

Originally, its colorful leaves were used in cut flower arrangements while croton as a houseplant became popular during the last decade. Its many varieties differ mainly in the appearance of the leaves that can be long, flat, narrow or wide or even curly.

Caring: is not simple and requires both knowledge and experience. Basic prerequisites are plenty of light, suitable temperature, adequate watering and plenty of humidity in the atmosphere.

To start, crotons need plenty of light in order to maintain its intense colors although new varieties do quite well in lower light. Lots of light and moderate temperatures are the factors that will ensure your plant has vivid colors and quick growth. In other words, the more the light your plant gets, the more beautiful and vivid the colors of its leaves. During the winter you can allow some direct sunlight on your plant, but keep it at 2-3 hours daily. If more, then you will risk sun-burning of the leaves while during summer you should only provide filtered light.

Crotons cannot stand either too high or too low temperatures (the ideal temperature is around 20?C). So, make sure to avoid fluctuations of temperature and keep the pots away from drafts. If the temperature has such ups and downs you will see leaves, in different parts of the plant, drop.

Generally, if the temperature is too low your plant may drop all of its leaves in no time. If you notice lower leaves dropping, or if the leaves colors are dull and you also get brown tips, it is possible that your plant needs more humidity. Provide humidity by spraying the leaves with lukewarm water as often as you can, even daily if you can spare the time. Use a humidifier or place the pot on a tray with wet pebbles so that the plant will absorb the necessary humidity.

Usually during summer, although light is more than adequate, the high temperatures may fade the colors of the leaves. To avoid this, in summer move your pot to the coolest spot of your home and cut down on fertilizing as over-fertilizing can have the same effects as high temperatures. The growth of the plant slows down in winter, when the plant rests, but the colors of its leaves remain as bright if light is adequate.You should fertilize every couple of months, using liquid fertilizer, from spring till fall while you should not add any fertilizer during winter as the plant is resting.

Family Name: Gesneriaceae

Light: medium light, avoiding direct sun

Temperature: moderate (62-80ƒ F)

Water: keep moist when growing, keep dry when dormant

Other: 12"H x 18"W

Emerald Ripple Peperomia

Emerald Ripple Peperomia

Small green leaves arise from a central crown; leaves have a waffle-like texture. Do not over water this plant; may be propagated by petiole leaf cuttings.

Plant Form or Habit: rounded

Plant Use: small foliage

Exposure: medium

Flower Color: not attractive

Characteristics: Height: 8" - Width: 8"

Foliage Texture: medium

Heat Tolerance: medium

Water Requirements: medium

English Ivy: Hedera helix

English Ivy: Hedera Helix

English Ivy (Hedera helix): is an aggressive, invasive, introduced species. It is an alien in this ecosystem and has no natural - biologic or environmental - controls in this or many similar ecosystems. It transforms natural areas into monocultures which do not provide habitat for indigenous wildlife. While it becomes an evergreen ground cover, its landscaping value is otherwise limited and creates undesirable consequences. Its widespread popularity derives primarily from its rapid growth, its suppression of any other plant growth, and its scant requirements in cultivation. These characteristics are major reasons why it is devastating when introduced to land areas populated by native species.

FITTONIA (Fitto'nia)


DESCRIPTION: These tropical, creeping perennials are natives of Peru. They are grown for their ornamental foliage. They have fleshy, trailing stems and oval, brightly colored leaves. F. Verschaffeltii has olive green leaves veined with scarlet or ruby red. Insignificant flowers grow on this plant and if they are pinched off the plant will be less straggly. Its variety argyroneura has dark, emerald green leaves netted with white; its flowers also need to be pinched off regularly. These plants grow about 6 inches high with an indefinite spread.

POTTING: In cool climates, these plants should be grown indoors with a minimum winter temperature of 60 degrees. A good soil mixture to use consists of equal parts of peat, loam and leaf mold with a generous amount of sand added. Shallow soil and shade is preferable for this plant. They need a large amount of water during the summer and a very humid atmosphere. During the winter, less water is needed, but the soil must not become dry. Any straggly growth should be cut back in the spring.

PROPAGATION: Young shoots can be taken in the spring and used as cuttings. They are placed in a propagating case until they form roots. They are then planted 2 inches apart in flower pans filled with the compost described above. These plants may also be divided.

VARIETIES: F. Verschaffeltii & its variety argyroneura; F. gigantea

Flame Violet: EPISCIA

Flame Violet (EPISCIA)

The flame violet is identified by it's unique creeping like foliage. Originally found in regions of Central and South America, the flame violet is highlighted by velvety leaves and purple shaded flower blooms. There are variations, of course, of the flame violet, that appear in brighter colors such as white. The flame violet is an excellent plant to use in hanging floral arrangements. The flower bloom of the flame violet generally appears in circular and tubular form and supported by thick and strong base of leaves. The flame violet can be grown in colder climates but this must be done inside.

Temperatures should maintain an average range of 60 to 70 degrees F.

Native of Central and South America regions, the flame violet is a plant perfect for hanging home floral arrangements.

Description of Foliage: Flame violets produce a flower bloom that appears in various shades of purple and is velvety to the touch.

Indigenous Area: Central and South America

Various Uses: The flame violet is a perfect plant for a hagning floral arrangement.

Tiarella cordifolia (Foam Flower)

Tiarella Cordifolia (Foam Flower)Hardy to Zone 4

Bloom Time: Early April

Color: White

Foliage: Bright green, broad, 5-lobed, serrated edges. Size - Under 1'

Exposure: Shade

Culture: A delicate, woodland type plant that does best in moist, humus rich soil

Freckle Face - Polka Dot Plant: Hypoestes phyllostachya

Freckle Face

Family: Acanthaceae

Recommended Temperature Zone:

sunset: All zones as annual

Sun Exposure: Light shade to part sun

Origin: Madagascar

Growth Habits: Tropical perennial generally cultivated as annual, up to 2 feet tall (60 cm), leaves 2 inches long (5 cm)

Watering Needs: Regular water, likes humidity

Propagation: Easy by cuttings

Goldfish Vine Care: Gesneriaceae

Goldfish Vine: Gesneriaceae

This plant from Costa Rica is named for the flowers that resemble orange fish. It can be a bit tricky to keep due it the high humidity it prefers.

BOTANICAL NAME: Columnea species

Several species of this group of tropical American vines make wonderful house plants. From certain angles the unusual shaped flowers resemble the open, gaping mouth of a fish.

Flowers are borne singly or in clusters from the leaf axils mostly in summer, but at other times of the year as well. Individual flowers can last for several weeks.

LIGHT: Place plant in bright indirect light.

TEMPERATURE: Normally warm room temperatures are suitable for these plants. Some types require, (and all types benefit from) a cool winter rest period at 12 - 18°C to improve flowering.

WATERING: During the active growth period, water thoroughly to moisten the entire root ball and allow the top third of the potting mix to dry between waterings. If the plant is given a winter rest period, allow the potting mix to dry almost entirely between waterings. Avoid getting cold water on the leaves as this will cause brown spots.

FERTILIZER: Fertilize with quarter strength 15-30-15 every two weeks from March to October.

REPOTTING: Repot in the spring if the roots have filled the container. Shallow containers are best for columneas. Use a commercial African violet mix or make your own by combining 2 parts peat moss, 1 part sterilized loam and 1 part coarse sand or perlite. Move the plant into a pot one size larger. Alternatively, trim one-third of the root ball away and re-pot into the same container using fresh potting mix.

PROPAGATION: Take 8 - 10 cm tip cuttings in early spring. Insert cuttings into moist vermiculite and place in bright filtered light. Water enough to keep the vermiculite barely moist while rooting occurs. In about four weeks the cuttings should be ready to be moved into the standard potting mix. Transplant several cuttings into one pot for a really good display.

SPECIAL NOTES: Flowering will be at its best in spring if the plant is kept cooler and drier during the winter months.



Philodendrons grow better than most other houseplants under adverse conditions of most homes. They do well as long as they are kept warm, moderately moist and out of direct sunlight. Numerous species and hybrids are available.There is a wide variation in plant and leaf form.

Care: Plant in regular potting soil and keep the soil minimally moist at all times. For best results, grow in bright, indirect sunlight, warm temperatures and low humidity.

Propagate any season using stem cuttings or air layering

Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis)


Hepatica is also known as Sharplobe Hepatica (var. acuta) and Roundlobe Hepatica (var. obtusa. Formerly know as H. actutiloba and H. americana respectively.

Plant Type: This is a herbaceous plant, it is a perennial. The flower stem is leafless except for three leaflets just below the flower and hairy.

Leaves: This plant has basal leaves only. Leaves can reach 10cm in length (4inches). Each leaf has 3 pointed lobes.

Flowers: The flowers have 6 Regular Parts. They are white sometimes blue or pink. Blooms first appear in early spring and continue into late spring. Each flower stalk has a solitary flower.

Fruit: An achene.

Habitat: Rich moist woods.

Range: Most of eastern U. S. except extreme north Hepatica

An Early Bloomer:

One of the more delightful finds in the early spring woodlands of Chicago Wilderness is the hepatica. This small, attractive woodland wildflower isn’t really rare, but it’s not that common either. Usually hepaticas are found in high quality woodlands with a native herbaceous layer and a good native woody over story. Hepatica is seldom found in degraded woodlands where exotics like garlic mustard and buckhorn are common.

Chicago Wilderness is home to two species or varieties of Hepatica, the sharp-lobed hepatica (Hepatica acutiloba) and the round-lobed hepatica (Hepatica americana). Sharp-lobed and round-lobed refer to the shape of the three lobes of the leaves. A unique feature of the hepatica is that their leaves are evergreen. The leaves seen in spring are actually last year’s leaves; they’ve lasted all through the winter. The leaves probably photosynthesize during the winter on warm days, and are ready to start full-time photosynthesis early in the spring before other woodland wildflowers are even up. This allows the hepatica to bloom early and get a head start on other spring wildflowers.

Hepatica can bloom as early as mid-March, but more often are found blooming around mid-April through mid-May. The flowers of hepatica are usually blue to lavender but can also be white or pink. They have many stamens tipped with yellowish anthers. The flowers are small, from 1/2 to 1 inch across. They’re also tricky — not what they seem to be. For instance, what appear to be the petals aren’t: hepatica has no petals. The bluish petal-like structures are actually sepals. There can be from five to 12 sepals, but it appears that six is the most common number. Below the sepals are three structures that look like sepals, but again, don’t be fooled. These aren’t sepals; they’re bracts, specially modified leaves. Each flower tops an extremely hairy stem that appears silky. The pretty flowers attract early flying bees and flies, both of which aid in pollination.



Hoyas are known as the wax plant because their flowers and leaves have a waxy look and feel to them. It is a genus in the family, Asclepiadaceae.

Asclepiadaceae is the "Milkweed family". The plants in this family don't have milkweed. Most of them have milky sap and that is why the common name for Asclepiadaceae is the milkweed family.The sap runs clear in such plants as the Hoya carnosa and Hoya fungii. The nothernmost boundary of hoya habitats is in the lower Himalayas, i.e., Nepal, Assam. The southern boundary is Java and Australia. The western boundary is central India and the eastern boundary is Samoa.

Almost all Hoyas are vines that either trail or climb, but some are more shrub like or actually hang down. They are always found on the stem and branches of trees in the forest. Their leaves also vary from very succulent as Hoya australis ssp.rupicola to coriaceous as Hoya coriacea, from very large as Hoya grabra to tiny as Hoya engleriana. Also, their flowers range in size from nearly 4 inches in Hoya lauterbachii to 3mm in Hoya filiformis. Their colors go from white, yellow, green, pink, purple to dark red and to nearly black in Hoya ciliata. All colors are found in hoyas except blue.

The Hoyas are a group of plants belonging to the Asclepidaceae family, a huge family spreading across Africa to Asia. Hoyas are found in Asia region from Northern Australia to China. Hundreds of species exist but only a few exist in cultivation. New forms of Hoyas are still being discovered today in the Jungles of Asia.

Hoyas are predominantly creepers or vines growing up tree trunks or rock faces. Most Hoyas grow at a rapid rate and develop flower buds as they grow. The flower buds are quite unique as they develop into a cone that may or may not produce flowers when mature. This cone has the ability to produce multiple sets of flowers in a season and re-flower for several years from the same cone.

Hoyas are easily grown in a wide range of climates ranging from tropical to very cold. Some varieties can survive in frosty areas if they are under cover. Ideal growing environments are under shady trees or under covered areas like patios, ferneries and other partially enclosed spaces. Light requirements are from 40% shade to 75% shade. Excessive sunlight will not harm most Hoyas but will make the plant very yellow and may damage some leaves. H australis can flower far better in full sun than shade but it will have very poor looking leaves. If its gets too dark Hoyas will grow very well but may not flower.

Many species of Hoyas will grow well as indoor plants but only a few are able to flower under low light condition, the species H bella and H lacunosa are the best indoor species and both are very fragrant. Many of the hoyas have very good fragrance and some like H lacunosa can scent out an entire house

Impatiens (Busy lizzy, patience plant)

Impatiens (Busy lizzy, patience plant)

Height: Up to 1 1/2 ft.

Color Range: white, pink, rose, red, scarlet, violet, salmon, and orange

Sun Exposure: Partial shade.

Blooms from early summer until fall.

Widely planted in beds and borders as colorful ground cover. Some varieties great for containers.Popular annual due to the ease of growth and tolerance to shade, impatiens prefer well-drained soil in partial shade. Start seeds indoors 10 weeks before the threat of frost has passed. Plant transplants 12" apart. Direct seeding is usually unsuccessful.

Irish Moss

Irish Moss

Botanical: Chondrus crispus (STACKH.)

Family: N.O. Algae

Habitat: A perennial thallophyte common at low tide on all the shores of the North Atlantic, but remarkable for its extreme variability, the difference being mainly due to the great diversity in the width of the segments.

Jade Plant (Crassula argentea)

Jade Plant

The originated in south Africa, but has been cultivated as a house plant in Europe and America for over a hundred years. Generally, it is a very easy and productive plant to grow, provided its needs are understood and met. Jades, and all other Crassulas are succulent plants, in that they have the ability to store water in its leaves, stems, and roots.

Jade plants are best grown in very bright sunlight with low humidity, however if the plant is accustomed to dimmer light, you must move it into the sun in stages. Jades will sunburn if they are not used to the full sun. Jades are best grown between 55F at night and 75-80F during the day, however they will tolerate temperatures down to 40F. They should be re-potted every two to three years. Use a well drained commercial potting soil mixed equally with sharp builder sand, and a scoop of bone meal added. The optimum soil ph is 6.5.

Jade plants have an active and a dormant growing cycle. Watering and feeding are determined by the cycle. During the spring and summer months keep the soil slightly moist . Water liberally, approximately once per week but allow for slight drying between watering. Remove any excess water from pot saucer. Fertilize with a 10-20-10 or 5-10-5 ratio soluble plant food every two weeks. African violet food works very well for most succulents. Keep plant dry during the winter months as plant has a slight dormancy. Do not fertilize from November through March. Typically, all healthy Jades will bloom, usually around Christmas, in the northern hemisphere. Blooming is triggered by the natural shortening of the days. If your plant is in a room which usually has lights turned on at night, it will more than likely fail to bloom for you. Try to find a suitable, naturally lighted place for the Jade sometime in early October, along with your Christmas cactus. Your plant will do the rest for you!

Liverworts (Hepaticopsida)


The name word liverworts means "Liver Herb" after a 19th century medieval dogma called the Doctrine of signatures, where the appearance of a plant was believed to offer clues to the plants use.

Liverworts are considered to be the first plant to make the transition from the sea to land, some 400 million years ago, and share a common ancestry with green algae (Chlorophyta). The Hepatophyta division consists of about 8,500 species found throughout the world from the arctic to the tropics. Although some do grow in dry places and a few are aquatic, most are well adapted to the moist habitats in which they are found.

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